What is a Spitz Dog?

Gorgeous Photo of Samoyed Spitz Dog

A Spitz dog is characterized by his long thick and frequently white fur. He has pointed ears and a pointy muzzle. His tail frequently will curl over his back or it will droop. While not an actual breed, the Spitz is instead defined as a group of breeds.

With little archaeological evidence to show his transitional phases from wolf to dog, he remains somewhat of a mystery. Skeletal remains from 5000 years ago have been found and suggest that he may well be the ancestor of a dog that mated with a wolf. They are believed to be the oldest type of dog in the world.

It is believed that they originally lived in Switzerland and Central Europe. They may also have migrated across to Siberia and over to Mongolia. Considered an ancestor of the Akita and Chow Chow these dogs are a favorite among many dog owners.

They make excellent hunters and herders and will even be good at pulling sleds. Larger sized dogs may also be used in hunting big game such as moose and bear.

Encompassing a large array of breeds, the Spitz include the following: Norwegian Buhund, Finnish Spitz, Alaskan Malamute, Shiba Inu, Lundehund, Greenland Dog and the Canadian Eskimo Dog. Siberian Huskies are also included in the list of breeds for Spitz.

Clearly they have been around for a long time and offer a variety of benefits to any owner lucky enough to own one of this breed.

They are an ideal dog for harsh northern climates. With an insulating waterproof undercoat that is dense as well as a top coat to trap the warmth they can survive in harsher climates. With smaller sized ears that help to prevent frostbite and thick furred paws they are ideal for having an outside pet that may need to walk on ice and snow without getting frostbitten feet.

Spitz PuppyMany dogs in this breed retain a lot of their wolf type characteristics. They are suspicious by nature and may be aggressive if they are presented with unfamiliar people or other unfamiliar dogs.

This dog will require a lot of training and socialization as a pup in order to maintain control, especially if they are going to be living in a condominium or an apartment.

The Shiba Inu is an ideal choice of Spitz if one wishes to train the dog as a loyal companion. It is important to have regular veterinary visits for this breed as many believe they may be more prone to such diseases as rabies.

Since the breed can be so charming, many have endeavored to create smaller sized versions of this pet by cross breeding to design lap dogs. They are affectionate and loyal and will provide their owner with many hours of enjoyment and pleasure.

It is important to note that Shiba Inu’s shed A LOT! They shed seasonally for about three weeks in the Spring and Autumn. These periods are referred to as ‘blowing their coats.’ Minor Shiba Inu shedding occurs throughout the whole year.  

They often appear to be smiling at people due to the way their mouths are designed. It can be a very adorable feature to a family that loves their pets.

With so many varieties of this pet available there is a Spitz breed for just about any kind of family be it in the city living in an apartment or condo, to living in the country or a rural area.

As always, it is important to ensure that the dog be properly trained and know its place in the family dynamics. It will require an owner who is well versed in pet care and training to ensure that this beloved breed maintains the proper position in the family.

Larger sized Spitz dogs will require a bit more exercise than their smaller sized cousins. For this reason many prefer the larger sized ones for rural or country living as opposed to city dwelling.

Either way, both sizes require some exercise and owners will be well advised to ensure that their beloved pet is getting plenty of love, affection and exercise on a daily basis.

Since this dog loves affection and freely gives it to its dedicated owner, it is often sought after as a great companion for those who are unable to get out as much but may require companionship. This works well as long as the dog is able to be exercised on a daily basis.